The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.2: mortality of newborns & children is relevant to the global health since they are trying to prevent the unnecessary deaths of newborns and children under age five across the world. Moreover, they are advocating for the wellbeing and looking to guarantee a healthy live for all children. There has been a significant progress in reducing child mortality around the world. The mortality rate of children under-five has dropped by nearly 60% since 1990, and therefore today millions of more children survive to adolescence in comparison with mortality rates from three decades ago. The goal is to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 deaths per 1,000 live births and under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030 (UNICEF, 2020).
To address this specific target nurses are required to be trained and empowered with knowledge to educate parents in providing the best care for their children. They can deliver research-based care and deliver appropriate guidance to caregivers (Osingada & Porta, 2020). For instance, maternal education on breastfeeding and weaning is important to improve child survival. Additionally, nurses need to educate parents on the importance of well annual visits, immunizations and early childhood preventative and curative services to reduce and try to put an end to child mortality (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], n.d.).
The nursing profession can positively impact global health issues. Nurses can play a role of global leaders of change by becoming active in communities; professional nursing organizations; policy making and advocacy organizations; and their workplaces (Edmonson et al., 2017). For example, their valuable expertise, competencies, and perspectives could impact the prevention, spread, and management of infectious diseases. Their role in care delivery, education, leadership, and policy making are important to influence population health outcomes. As global nurses we need to protect the best interest and care for the patient through evidence-based practice, interprofessional cooperation and ongoing education. The nursing calling can emphatically affect worldwide medical problems. Medical attendants can assume a part of worldwide heads of progress by getting dynamic in networks; proficient nursing associations; strategy making and support associations; and their working environments (Edmonson et al., 2017). For instance, their important ability, capabilities, and points of view could affect the avoidance, spread, and the board of irresistible illnesses. Their part in care conveyance, schooling, administration, and strategy making are imperative to impact populace wellbeing results. As worldwide medical attendants we need to ensure the wellbeing and care for the patient through proof based practice, interprofessional collaboration and progressing training.
Sub Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world followed by Central and Southern Asia. Here infectious diseases, including pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria, remain a leading cause of deaths in children under five, along with preterm birth and intrapartum-related complications. Moreover, malnourished children, particularly those suffering from severe acute malnutrition, are at a higher risk of death from these common childhood illnesses. Infant mortality is often linked to several factors such as maternal health, quality and access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health. Children under five years of age are most vulnerable to disease and one child in every four children is dying from preventable disease (World Health Organization [WHO], n.d.).
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (n.d.). Infant mortality. https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/infantmortality.htm
Edmonson, C., McCarthy, C., Trent-Adams, S., McCain, C., & Marshall, J. (2017). Emerging Global Health Issues: A Nurse’s Role” OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 22(1), 2. https//doi.org/10.3912/OJIN.Vol22No002
Osingada, C, & Porta, C. (2020). Nursing and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a COVID-19 world: The state of the science and a call for nursing to lead. Public Health Nursing (37) 799– 805. https://doi.org/10.1111/phn.12776
UNICEF. (2020). Levels and trends in child mortality. https://data.unicef.org/resources/levels-and-trends-in-child-mortality/
World Health Organization. (n.d.). Child heath: Africa. https://www.afro.who.int/health-topics/child health